“Each element is significant. God will crush Satan, he will crush him under the feet of the faithful, and he will do it speedily. The promise of a victorious issue undergirds the fight of faith.” (John Murray, The Epistle to the Romans, Vol. 2, p. 237).
“[I]n Paul (as in the whole of the Scripture) ‘peace’ refers not only in the first place to disposition, but is the declaration of the all-embracing gift of salvation, the condition of shalom, which God will again bring to unrestricted dominion. It is the peace that is to reign when ‘the God of peace will soon crush Satan under the feet’ of his people (Rom. 16:20.” (Herman Ridderbos, Paul: An Outline of His Theology, p. 184.)
“[T]hen only [at the coming of the Messiah] were opened the treasures of celestial wisdom, when God appeared to his ancient people through his only-begotten Son, as it were face to face, all shadows having been done away.” (John Calvin, Commentary on Romans, at 16:26).
Quotes used preparation for the 101 Bible Study meeting in Astoria on June 22. This will conclude our study of Romans. See the Study Notes page for a copy of the handout.
- What do butterflies have to do with your bodies?
- Why does Paul call you to be a living sacrifice?
- What are your spiritual gifts, and how can you recognize them?
The 101 Bible Study explores these and other questions as we study Romans 12. The study meets this Friday, 6:30 p.m., in a home near Astoria. Call 971/238-6101 for more details. You are invited. Questions are welcome!
“The basis and spring of sanctification are union with Christ, more especially union with him in the virtue of his death and the power of his resurrection.” (John Murray, The Epistle to the Romans, Vol. 2, page 109).
“The way to determine our spiritual gifts is not to ask, ‘What is my “thing” spiritually, my spiritual specialty, that sets me apart from other believers and gives me a distinguishing niche in the church?’….The question to ask is, ‘What in the situation in which God has place me are the particular opportunities I see for serving other believers in word and deed (cf. I Peter 4:10f.)?’ ‘What are the specific needs confronting me that need to be ministered to?’ Posing and effectively responding to this question will go a long way not only toward discovering but also actually using our spiritual gifts.” (Richard B. Gaffin, Perspectives on Pentecost, p. 53).
“But this is the great mystery: that God is rich in mercy; that he gathers his elect from every nation, also that of the Jews who rejected him; that he imprisoned all in unbelief that he might be merciful to all. That mystery sends the apostle into ecstasy and causes him to marvel at and adore the depth of God’s wisdom and knowledge ([Romans] 11:33-36).” (Herman Bavinck, Reformed Dogmatics, Vol. 4, p. 670).
“It is a mistake, however, to think that God’s incomprehensibility applies only to his secret, unrevealed counsel . . . . [T]he most significant aspect of incomprehensibility is that it applies to what God has revealed.” “God is debtor to none, his favour is never compensation, merit places no constraints upon his mercy.” (John Murray, The Epistle to the Romans, Vol. 2, pages 104, 107).
The 101 Bible Study is looking at Romans 11:25-36 on Dec. 1 in Astoria. Call 971/238-6101 for more information.
“If grace is conditioned in any way by human performance or by the will of man impelling to action, then grace ceases to be grace.”
“[T]here is no security in the bond of the gospel apart from perseverance. There is no such thing as continuance in the favor of God in spite of apostasy; God’s saving embrace and endurance are correlative.”
(John Murray, The Epistle to the Romans, Vol. 2, pages 70 & 88).
Friday evening’s 101 Bible Study in Astoria focuses on the first half of Romans 11.
“In late medieval Roman Catholicism, the future verdict at the final judgment was the uncertain outcome of the Christian life. In contrast the Reformers came to understand that, in effect, the verdict belonging at the end of history has been brought forward and already pronounced on believers in history, and so constitutes the certain and stable basis for the Christian life and provides unshakable confidence in the face of the final judgment.” (Richard B. Gaffin, Jr., By Faith, Not by Sight, p. 92).
“…when the Father sent the Son it was for the purpose of dealing with sin. Nothing should be allowed to detract from that simple but profound truth. For by it we are advised that the coming of the Son of God into the world had no relevance apart from the fact of sin.” (John Murray, Epistle to the Romans, Vol. 1, p. 280).
This Friday evening’s 101 Bible Study in Astoria focuses on Romans 8:1-4. You are welcome to join us! Call or text 971/238-6101 for details.
“The Lord Jesus Christ became in himself the sacrifice for your sins. In other words, he was the sacrifice of sacrifices, the sacrifice toward which all the others pointed, the original sacrifice, next to which all other sacrifices were mere imitations.” (William F. Snodgrass, “He Offered Up Himself” in Resurrection and Eschatology: Theology in Service of the Church, p. 567).
Related to a message to be delivered this Sunday evening at a joint service (Grace United Reformed Church and Trinity Presbyterian Church, OPC), focusing on Lord’s Day 5 of the Heidelberg Catechism. The sermon text is Romans 8:1-4.
As the New England Primer indicated (reflecting Paul’s teaching in Romans 5), the sin of the one man, Adam, brought death into the world. The sin of the one man, Adam, is placed on our account. We are all guilty and we are all sinners. The law of God serves like a projector, showing us our sin. But in Romans 5:16-17 the pattern of sin-condemnation-death is balanced by the pattern of righteousness-justification-life.
Sin increased, but God grace has increased even more. Paul adds a prefix (from which we get our term hyper–as in hyper-drive) to the verb increase. God’s grace is super increasing, or super-abounding. The act of righteousness of the God-man, Jesus Christ, declares us just, and gives us life. Parallel to Adam, but in contrast to him, the righteousness of Christ is placed on your account as you trust in him. Continue reading